This week, John Schmitt is in Denmark at the 2006 LoWER Annual Conference. LoWER (the European Low-wage Employment Research Network), the Center for Corporate Performance, and the Aarhus School of Business are jointly hosting this conference on the topic of Insecure Perspectives of the Low Skilled.  Participants are presenting current research from U.S. and European countries in order to discuss recent results in the field. John will be presenting a forthcoming paper, co-written with Heather Boushey, on the motherhood pay penalty and the effects of paid parental leave. It provides evidence that offering paid parental leave helps to offset the motherhood pay penalty.