March 2012, John Schmitt and Janelle Jones

In this paper, we attempt to paint a demographic portrait of long-term hardship in the labor market. We display various measures of long-term hardship by race and gender, education, and age. In addition to the conventional long-term unemployment rate, we also show a broader measure that captures further dimensions of long-term hardship. This additional measure is the Bureau of Labor Statistic’s “U-6” alternative unemployment rate, which adds “discouraged” workers, the “marginally attached,” and workers who are “part-time for economic reasons” to the official unemployment rate.

Report - PDFpdf_small | Flashflash_small

Press Release



The graph above shows percentages of short-term unemployed (STU); long-term unemployed (LTU); U-6 - A Bureau of Labor Statistics alternative measurement for unemployment/underemployment; and not in the labor force (NILF).



Site Maintenance

"The CEPR website currently takes longer to load than usual. We hope to have this and other issues addressed shortly. While this much needed site maintenance is taking place, our content is still available so please continue to slooowwwly surf the pages of our site. Thank you for your patience."