June 2014, Janelle Jones, John Schmitt, and Nicole Woo
One of every nine women in the United States (11.8 percent in 2013) is represented by a union at her place of work.
The annual number of hours of paid work performed by women has increased dramatically over the last four decades. In 1979, the typical woman was on the job 925 hours per year; by 2012, the typical woman did 1,664 hours of paid work per year.
Meanwhile, women's share of unpaid care work and housework has remained high. Various time-use studies conclude that women continue to do about two-thirds of unpaid child-care (and elder-care) work and at least 60 percent of routine housework.
The research reviewed here suggests that unions can provide substantial support to women trying to balance their paid work and their unpaid care responsibilities.
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